Thank you for validating one of your claims. Read down a few pages. The use of lobotomies was gradually abandoned with the discovery of Thorazine, which was the landmark of psychiatry. Thorazine helped to reduce the anxiety and distress of many patients, which was followed by many more attempts to discover other psychopharmacological treatments to alleviate symptoms, as well as why they worked (study of neurology, neurophysiology, etc...). I would also like to point out that if we look back at history; doctors, psychiatrists, psychoanalysts, behaviorists, and later psychologists treated ailments based entirely on what was known and what was available at the time. If we go back further before lobotomies, house-hold remedies and weird alchemy (Coca-cola, for example) were the miracle cures for everything. That may seem barbaric compared to Thorazine, while Thorazine appears to be an inferior treatment compared to what we have today. It does not excuse the fact that some treatments were inhumane, despite intentions to the contrary. I think Thomas Szasz made a few good points on that (despite not suggesting any alternatives). If we go ahead 100 years later, there is likely to be new treatments that would make our current look like witchdoctor remedies.