Discussion in 'News And Current Events' started by iraniam, May 17, 2016.
Zoroastrianism at a glance
Zoroastrianism is one of the world's oldest monotheistic religions. It was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster (or Zarathustra) in ancient Iran approximately 3500 years ago.
For 1000 years Zoroastrianism was one of the most powerful religions in the world. It was the official religion of Persia (Iran) from 600 BCE to 650 CE.
It is now one of the world's smallest religions. In 2006 the New York Times reported that there were probably less than 190,000 followers worldwide at that time.
Zoroastrians believe there is one God called Ahura Mazda (Wise Lord) and He created the world.
Zoroastrians are not fire-worshippers, as some Westerners wrongly believe. Zoroastrians believe that the elements are pure and that fire represents God's light or wisdom.
Ahura Mazda revealed the truth through the Prophet, Zoroaster.
Zoroastrians traditionally pray several times a day.
Zoroastrians worship communally in a Fire Temple or Agiary.
The Zoroastrian book of Holy Scriptures is called The Avesta.
The Avesta can be roughly split into two main sections:
The Avesta is the oldest and core part of the scriptures, which contains the Gathas. The Gathas are seventeen hymns thought to be composed by Zoroaster himself.
The Younger Avesta - commentaries to the older Avestan written in later years. It also contains myths, stories and details of ritual observances.
Zoroastrians are roughly split into two groups:
Thank You for the post my friend.
The irony of Islamic leaders opposing Zoroastrianism is that Islam was strongly influenced by Judaism which in turn was strongly influenced by Zoroastrianism.
Some moved to India in the 10th century because of persecution by Muslims in Persia
"Until the Arab invasion and subsequent Muslim conquest, in the mid 7th century Persia (modern-day Iran) was a politically independent state, spanning from the Aegean Sea to the Indus River and dominated by a Zoroastrian majority. Zoroastrianism was the official state religion of four pre-Islamic Persian empires, the last being the Sassanian empire that passed a decree solidifying this in 224 CE. The Arab invasion abruptly brought to an end the religious domination of Zoroastrianism in Persia and instituted Islam as the official religion of the state."
Islam was influenced not only through Judaism but also directly.
Sura of the Quoran except one is prefixed with the supplication:
"Bismilla hir Rahman-ir Rahim" - In the name of the Merciful, the Forgiving and the Compassionate Lord.
The prayer Din no kalmo in the Khordeh Avesta of the Zoroastrians is prefixed by the line "Ba nam i Yazad, Bakhshayandeh Bakshaishgar Meherban" which also reads - In the name of the Merciful, the Forgiving and the Compassionate Lord.
The Khordeh Avesta was compiled by the Iranian Mobed Aderbad Maharaspand in the Sassanian period prior to Islam.
The devout muslim raises his hands in supplication "Bismilla hir Rahman-ir Rahim" as does Zarathustra in his first Gatha, Gatha Ahunavad (28-1):
“Ahya yasa nemangha ustanazasto refedhrahya” - With hands outstretches in humility, I beseech;
and again in Gatha Spentomad (50-8)::
“pairi jasai Mazdâ ustanazasto” – I approach you with hands outstretched.
The Muslim institution of five daily prayers also has a Persian origin. Muhammad himself, at first, instituted only two daily prayers. Then, as recounted in the Koran, a third was added, giving the morning prayer, the evening prayer, and the middle prayer, which corresponded to the Jewish shakharith, minkah, and arbith. But on encountering the religious fervor of the Zoroastrians, Muslims, not wishing to be outdone in devotion, simply adopted their custom; henceforth, Muslims paid homage to their God five times a day, in imitation of the five gabs (prayers) of the Persians.
Muslims must perform salah (prayer) 5 times a day and before Salah, Muslims prepare themselves by performing Wudu (Ablution) which involves cleaning the hands, face, arms, head and feet alike the Zoroastrian as of today.
According to Muslim commentators, on Judgment Day, the angel Gabriel will hold the scales on which the good and bad deeds will be weighed, one side hanging over paradise and the other over hell.
Similarly, in Parsism, on Judgment Day, two angels will stand on the bridge between heaven and hell, examining every person as he passes. One angel, representing divine mercy, will hold a balance in his hand to weigh the actions of all men. If good deeds preponderate the person will be permitted to pass into heaven; otherwise the second angel, representing God's justice, will throw him into hell.
This idea has obviously been adopted from the Zoroastrian system. After death, the soul of man must pass over the Bridge of the Requiter, Chinvat Peretu, which is sharp as a razor to the unrighteous and therefore impossible to pass. The “ch”consonant being absent in Arabic, Chinvat is transliterated in the Koran as Sirat.
Indeed. An important source of the composite of religious ideas and regulations suggested to Mohammad was his close companion Salman the Farsi.
Salman was born of wealthy Zoroastrian parents in or around 568 BC with the Persian name Rouzbeh in the city of Kazerum in Fars.
At the age of 16 Rouzbeh was ordained as a priest in the Zoroastrian fire-temple at Jayyan.
People, especially of the abrahamic religions, like to believe that their version of religion is the "one true religion" that is pure and unique and comes directly from their god.
If there are any similarities with any other religions they will claim that it's the others who copied from them regardless of archeological and historical evidence.
This idea of the existence of an absolute religious truth is the source of much human suffering. Religions were created by people, and are always changing to adapt to changes in culture, technology, and through contact between societies.
The source of much human suffering has been mindless adherence to monotheism.
Thou shall have no Gods other than Yahweh before Me says the second commandment for the Israelites.
Jesus saith unto him. I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh into the Father, but by me (John 14/6).
The rational devotee sees the same Godhead in Yahweh, Mazda, Christ, Allah and Brahamah.
Religious zeal has impeded theology from advancing in step with developments in philosophy. Philosophical thought moved on from Democritus' ( circa 460-370 B.C.) deterministic view of the world to Kant's (1724-1804) categorical imperative; whereas religions ossified.
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